Jurors should acquit, even against the judge’s instruction…
if exercising their judgement with discretion and honesty
they have a clear conviction the charge of the court is wrong.
— Alexander Hamilton, 1804
It is not only the juror’s right, but his duty to find the verdict according to his own best
understanding, judgement and conscience, though in direct opposition to the
instruction of the court.
–John Adams, 1771
I consider trial by jury as the only anchor yet imagined by man
by which a government can be held to the principles of its constitution.
— Thomas Jefferson,
It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made
by men of their choice, if the laws are so voluminous that
they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood;
if they… undergo such incessant changes that no man who knows
what the law is today can guess what it will be tomorrow
— James Madison